A fungal infection is a skin infection that is caused by one of the different types of fungi. Dermatophytes, molds and yeasts are the common fungus that causes skin infections. This fungal infection can occur in any part of the skin, hair or nails. Our foot is more susceptible to these infections especially due to the reduced blood flow and when you use tight shoes or socks. One of the important constituents of our skin, hair and nails is a protein called keratin. The fungus can thrive and grow in the dead keratin cells. The fungal infection in foot can occur most frequently on the toe nails or in the spaces in between two toe digits.
Athlete’s foot is a very common fungal infection that occurs on the spaces between the toe digits. It appears as a rash accompanied with itchiness, redness and might also form into blisters and sores. The infection of the toe nails can be seen as the infected nails will change in color, become brittle and cracked and will most often be accompanied by pain. It is important that you visit a doctor if you face any symptoms of these infections. Most of the foot fungus infections are contagious and even though they might not be serious, you might face difficulties in maintaining a normal lifestyle if you do not treat fungal foot infections.
If you are facing fungal infection on your foot, you should remember that there are multiple foot fungus treatment options available to you. If the problem is minor and you have been diagnosed with the infection in the early stages, natural and self-help remedies might be sufficient to treat your problem. But if your foot or nails are extremely infected, you will have to take a course of anti-fungal treatments and in some cases you will have to face the option of a surgery where the infected nails will be removed. If you have a foot fungal infection, the first and foremost thing you should do is to keep your feet as clean as possible. Use warm water to clean your feet and be barefoot as much as possible (other than when you have to walk on public areas like pools, showers, etc.). If you have to wear shoes, make sure the shoes you choose are breathable and provide for air circulation. The fungus thrives well in moist and damp conditions. Hence make sure you change your socks every day or more often if you sweat more. When you visit your doctor for foot fungus treatment, your GP might prescribe some anti-fungal lotions or ointments and might also prescribe a course of medicines to be taken. Do not attempt to take medication by yourself as your medicine should be dependent on the type of fungi you are infected with and your doctor is the best person to do that diagnosis. Ensure that you do not share your shoes or socks with others as the infection is contagious. Also wash your hand every time you touch your infected foot to avoid spreading the infection to your other toe nails or to your finger nails.